INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC RESEARCH | HUANG ET AL. INT J PEDIATR RES 2015, 1:1
Many of these syndromes are associated with abnormal breathing during sleep and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) . However, they are most commonly isolated, involving more boys than girls with a ratio of 3:1, and with a reported incidence of 5% at birth . Studies of the impact of short frenulum have shown that such anatomic presentation impairs suction [2-5], chewing, swallowing, and frequently leads to speech disorders .